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Utility Patents (functional).
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“The Patent”
Machines, Items, … Functional Protection
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When generally speaking of a patent, it is the utility patent to which is being referred.
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The Utility patent protects “useful art” or the function of an innovation:
“whoever invents or discovers any new or useful process [method], machine, manufacture[d item], or composition of matter, or a new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent…” (35 U.S.C. §101).  
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Fees And Fee Examples
Each patent is different based on invention requirements and inventor need. Fees are a combination of Fortress PATENTS / IP professional service fess and USPTO filing, search, and examination fees.
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Fee Quotes and Fee Schedules
If needed, a pre-signed Non-Disclosure Agreement access button is below.
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Fee Examples
Fees vary based on service choice and inventor patent strength choices.
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Permanent Patent – This examples shows a temporary patent application filing to lock in ownership, yet allow for adding improvements over the next 8 months, as well as other benefits.  The patent will then need to be formally filed.  See USPTO fees for formal filing fees or request a FREE Invention specific fee quote.
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Service Details of D I Y, D I Y, and FULL Service Options
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Button - FULL Service FREE Gifts
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USPTO Fee Savings Levels
See Fee menu tab and USPTO Fees for criteria details:
Micro Entity  – 75% USPTO Savings (a person, less than four patents, …)
Example – $490 D I Y, $1,540 D I Y Plus, and $3,815 FULL Service.
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Small Entity  – 50% USPTO Savings (a person, a small business, …)
Example – $530 D I Y, $1,580 D I Y Plus, and $3,855 FULL Service.
(Fee totals obtained by using Small Entity USPTO Fees shown in the table above.)
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Fee Payment Plans
See Fee menu tab and Professional Fees for details:
Pay By Phase – Prior Art Search, then Application / Drawings, then …
One Payment – Prior Art Search and Application / Drawings and …
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Highlights Of The Utility Patent
The following are key characteristics of of the Utility Patent:
Coverage – Protects function of a process [method], machine, manufacture[d item] or composition.
Term – 20 year term starting from the date of application filing.
Key Content – Description, drawings, and claims form the protective basis of the patent.
Patent Pending – Use “Patent Pending” markings at filing to begin marketing invention during prosecution.
Prosecution – 95% of application have one or more rejections, that will be argued or amended.
Allowance – 52% issue through normal prosecution, but 70% of patents issue with RCE petition.
Maintenance Fee – After issue and printing fees, maintenance fees follow at 3.5, 7.5 and 11.5 years.
Timing – Normally 2 months to prepare, 18 months for first USPTO response, and 28 months for finalization.
Rights – Excludes others from making, importing, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention in the U.S.
Defense – Exerting, monitoring, and defending patent rights is the responsibility of the inventor.
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Key Utility Patent Application Considerations
The Utility Patent application will need the following basic elements to be a complete and acceptable filing. Fortress PATENTS / IP thoroughly incorporates these and other elements to create maximum and multiple layered rights, protections, and market potential. 
Patentable – Must be human derived matter of a process, machine, manufacture (an item), or composition.
Utility – Show a modicum of utility to benefit society.
Novel – Have elements not previously known or otherwise have unexpected benefits.
Non-obvious – Not the result of simply common sense assembly of what is essentially known.
Drawings – Not universally required, unless needed, but expect to depict in illustration.
Description – The invention must be sufficiently disclosed and clarified to provide antecedent support for what is claimed.
Enabling – Sufficiently disclosed as to allow a person having ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention or improvement without undue experimentation.
Best Mode – In return for government awarded rights to exclude others from practicing the invention, there is a requirement to disclose the functional embodiment of the invention at the time of application.
Claims – Requires the inventor to define what the invention is, while not usually overlapping granted claims of others, to which government granted rights will be attached.
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Fortress PATENTS / IP provides full customized patent search, preparation, filing, and prosecution services that fully leverages patent law rights and protection, captures the invention and greater inventive concept, and is created for maximum judicial, situational, and financial potential. 
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